Wednesday, March 26, 2003

Assignment : Module 1.
Instructor : Anne Bartlett-Bragg
Due Date : 29/03/2003.
Subject : 015402 e-Learning Experiences.
Student : Mark Cotter - 01028392.

Introduction :

In this essay I will provide my personal definition of e-Learning and and also include 2 case studies to demonstrate my knowledge of Synchronous and Asynchronous e-Learning methods.

I will also include a list of e-Newsletters and e-Zines that I have subscribed to in the first month of this course.

e-Learning Definition : e-Learning is an educational tool that incorporates the use of the Internet and all plug-ins to motivate and inspire students to achieve meaningful learning. Meaningful learning occurs when students make the transfer of knowledge from short term memory to long term memory.

I believe that e-Learning can be used to not only reach a large number of students but can also be used to speed up the learning process.

Syncronous e-Learning Case Study :

Synchronous e-Learning is defined as Synchronous, or live e-Learning, means that communication occurs at the same time between individuals and information is accessed instantly. Examples of synchronous e-Learning include real-time chat, and video/audio conferencing. Reference : Brandon Hall

During the first week, a student that I knew had missed the first lecture and needed some assistance. I invited Terry to join our group. With the invitation came a certain amount of responsibility. It was now my responsibility to provide the neccessary training so that Terry would become an active member of the group.

This was achieved by using the UTS Online pages. I have included the transcript of our Synchronous e-Learning session below.

Archive for 015402BAED on Mar 11, 2003
MARK COTTER has entered. [ 10:53:33 AM ]
MARK COTTER has left. [ 10:53:48 AM ]

Terrence Farley has entered. [ 11:38:13 AM ]
MARK COTTER has entered. [ 11:38:16 AM ]
Terrence Farley > I am here
MARK COTTER > hi.. yep here aswell..
MARK COTTER browsed to
MARK COTTER > just loading up the page now..
Terrence Farley > OK i went to blogger and my name is so i posted a note what happens now?
MARK COTTER > doesn't look like it is going to load properly..what a bummer
MARK COTTER > you can click on view web page and you will be able to see it on the net.
Terrence Farley > i am on the page that says add team memebers
MARK COTTER > for the assessmnet .. you have 2 options.. 1 you can keep it private .. or you can add anne.bartlett-bragg as a member.. this way she will be able to assess your work.
MARK COTTER > you will then receive 5% .. the other 5% you are required to sign up for atleast 2 e-Zines and 2 e-Newsletters ..
Terrence Farley > i went public how do i invite her to view my page...and waht do i do on the page......
Terrence Farley > WHAT not waht
MARK COTTER browsed to
MARK COTTER > you can view my web page that I have created at
MARK COTTER > you can see that I have invited Anne to join my personal blog..
MARK COTTER > see how I added confirmation that I joined e-Zines and e-Newsgroups.. this is all part of the assessment.
MARK COTTER > I added some links to online courses.. in module 3 you have to complete an e-learning course and write 2500 words .. basically evaluate it.
Terrence Farley > yes it looks great ....where exactly on the blogger site do you create a page...and what is anne's address to invite her or did you link back to UTS online?...thanks for helping me...I am up at UTS in the Lab
MARK COTTER > no worries..
MARK COTTER browsed to
MARK COTTER > once you have created a user.. which I think you have.. you then have to log in.. then create a new blog
Terrence Farley > can you wait while i do that
MARK COTTER > you then have to select post and publish to convert what you have typed into html and post it to your personal blog web page..
MARK COTTER > ok.. i have plenty of time..
Terrence Farley > back...i have posted a meaage...but i cannot view it to see what it looks that right?
MARK COTTER > you can .. just look on the left hand side of the page and click on "view web page".. it will load your personal blog.
Terrence Farley > stand by
MARK COTTER > I have set up a group blog called speedforce3000... I will include everyone in our group.. what's you e-mail address..
MARK COTTER > standing by
Terrence Farley >
Terrence Farley > How did you add links on your web page TAB etc
Terrence Farley > I will now try and add speedforce3000 to my team on blogger
MARK COTTER > It's a bit tricky.. but it can be done.. I clicked on the "Template Icon" and then manually changed the html code..
Terrence Farley > i sent you an inviation ...did you get it/
Terrence Farley > i went into the template menu.......when i view my web page it looks nothing like yours .....mine is small......
MARK COTTER > yep.. I accepted it.. but it is not neccessary..
MARK COTTER > I have set up the group blog and asked you to join.. I will then get everyone elses e-mail addresses and invitethem to join aswell.
MARK COTTER > it all depends on the template that you accepted during the initial process.. there were many different templates to choose from.. maybe I chose a different Template.
MARK COTTER browsed to
Terrence Farley > how do i get Anne to view my page?
MARK COTTER > you can send her an e-mail or you can invite her to join you personal blogg as a 'Team Member'
MARK COTTER > You can post it on the discussion board on uts online.
Terrence Farley has entered. [ 12:17:21 PM ]
MARK COTTER > Where did you go ?
Terrence Farley has left. [ 12:17:53 PM ]
Terrence Farley > got lost in cyber space
MARK COTTER > Ok.. anyway.. I need a break.. I want to go to the bank and see a few people before Uni .. do you have any more questions.
Terrence Farley > ok that will do me for today...i am going computer crazy....see you tonight......have a good day.....
MARK COTTER > Ok.. I'll catch you tonight..
MARK COTTER has left. [ 12:19:36 PM ]
Terrence Farley has left. [ 12:19:36 PM ]

Please note that I have not received permission from Terry Farley to post the above transcript.

Asynchronous e-Learning Case Study :

Asynchronous e-Learning is defined as Asynchronous e-Learning happens when communication between people does not occur simultaneously. Some examples of asynchronous e-Learning include taking a self-paced course, exchanging e-mail messages with a mentor, and posting messages to a discussion group.
Reference : Brandon Hall

During the first week of this course I set up our group blog called Speed Force

As I set the pages up it became my responsibility to ensure that all members of the group were able to access the pages and successfully contribute to these pages.

In this case, one member of our group was unable to properly access and contribute to the pages.

Due to budget constraints the e-Learning method that was used was Asynchronous.

Basically, we exchanged a series of e-mails and eventually I was able to provide her with the neccessary information to access and contribute to our group blog.

I have included a copy of the e-mails that were exchanged below. Please note that I have not gained permission from Gloria to post her e-mails.

Hi Mark, I hate to say that I am still having trouble, I can get into our
Blog, but the section where we paste and publish is not there. I am a real
novice at this, never got into any sort of chat rooms, so really have no
idea of whats going on. We have two new members in our group but there is no
sign of them. I dont know whats going on at all???? Gloria.

Hi Gloria,

I checked our group blog SpeedForce and you have accepted the invite to join so that is not a problem.

This is what you need to do..

1) Have you set up a personal blog account ?
2) If you have then log into your personal blog using your original userid and password.
3) When you have logged in click on the "My Blogs " icon and select "SpeedForce"
this should take you where you want to go..

Anyway.. If you are still having problems then we will have to meet up somewhere and I will show you ..

    e-Newsletters that I subscribed to for this subject :
  • Seek e-news.
  • TechLearn Trends.
  • Blogger Buzz Newsletter.
  • Learnframe e-News
  • Stephanie Burns
  • Brandon Hall

    e-Zines that I subscribed to for this subject :
  • ASTD (I visited their site but didn't pay the $180.00 US to subscribe)

    e-Learning Events that I subscribed to for this subject :
  • ICUS - Improving_eLearning_results_with_online_coaching.
  • ICUS - ROI_and_other_benefits_of_Corporate_eLearning.

Summary :

Before I enroled in this subject I thought I new quite a lot about e-Learning but I realise now that I had only scratched the surface.
My knowledge and awareness of e-Learning has increased dramatically in the first month of this course.

I am now able to better understand the role of the educators and leaders of e-Learning. I now also understand where e-Learning is heading and what must be done to promote e-Learning and the benefits of e-Learning.

I received the following article because I subscribed to the e-Learn Mag. I found the article extremely interesting and relevent as it deals with how e-Learning is being used to educate developing countries efficiently.

Subj: eLearn Magazine Feature Story 26 March 2003
Date: 27/03/2003 3:21:04 AM AUS Eastern Daylight Time
Sent from the Internet (Details)


MIT Workshop Focuses on E-Learning For Developing Countries

By Ed Arnold, Boston E-Learning Association

A confession: When I think about e-learning, I focus on U.S.-based corporations. But e-learning is a global phenomenon, and its application extends far beyond U.S.-based e-learning programs or vendors. In fact, technology for education can significantly improve the quality of life for billions of people all over our planet. This “aha!” moment came to me during the inaugural workshop of the Learning International Network Consortium (LINC), an MIT Project led by Professor Richard C. Larson and funded by a grant from the Lounsbery Foundation. LINC organized this two-day workshop in early February, and it was attended by more than 70 participants from 19 countries.

The workshop featured over 30 presentations from MIT faculty, USAID (United States Agency for International Development) and World Bank policy makers, as well as leaders from the educational institutions from Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and Latin America.

A few examples: African Virtual University is a technology-based distance learning network that started in 1997 as a project of the World Bank. The ITESM Virtual University in Monterrey Mexico is connecting 300 Community Learning Centers in impoverished communities. Sharif Virtual University of Iran has established itself as a test-bed for technological and pedagogical studies and provides online courses for Kish Island in the Persian Gulf. Waseda University of Japan has distance learning projects in Vietnam and Malaysia. Virtual University of Pakistan was granted a federal charter in last August. Technion, Israel Institute of Technology has successfully used virtual forums to enhance higher order thinking and critical review of scientific articles. A complete list of the 32 title abstracts and speakers is available at

In addition to this workshop on e-learning in developing countries, MIT has hosted other conferences on technology and learning and has been active in a number of related initiatives. Last fall, MIT launched its Open Courseware Initiative, with a goal is to make all university course material publicly available on the web free of charge. LINC has put forward a similarly noble vision: To use distance learning, e-learning and educational technology to reduce the inequality between those who have access to education and those who do not. Driving this vision is this sobering background:

* There is a dire lack of traditional educational resources in the developing world. For example, in Pakistan over 3 million people turn 18 each year, yet less than 1% of them have access to higher education. In Algeria, current enrollment is expected to double by 2008. Similar gaps exist throughout Africa and Asia.

* At the same time, the developing world is suffering from a “brain drain” of its best academic talent into Europe and the United States thereby causing a scarcity of qualified professors on the local level, where the demand is greatest. Kenya, for example, has only five Computer Science Ph.D.’s. In fast-growing economies like China, a large proportion of its finest academics are being diverted into the private sector.

In response, some LINC members are already adapting technology to reduce the educational divide and to make learning resources accessible to a much wider global audience. These initiatives adapt existing technology at low cost to serve existing needs. For example, in India, the PicoPeta Simputer is an inexpensive hand-held computer designed for elementary school aged children that features an intuitive user interfaces that depend on sight, touch, and hearing. Existing courseware includes Geography, Mathematics (arithmetic, geometry), and Physics (optics, projectiles).

Another example, the MIT DakNet project, offers a cost-effective network for data connectivity in regions lacking communications infrastructure. It enables high-bandwidth connectivity at the cost of $0.01 per user. The hybrid network architecture combines physical and wireless data transport to enable high-bandwidth intranet and Internet connectivity among kiosks (public computers) and between kiosks and hubs (places with a reliable Internet connection). Data is transported by means of a mobile access point (mounted on regular delivery trucks), which automatically and wirelessly collects and delivers data from/to each kiosk on the network.

These examples illustrate the notion that resource constraints can spur very creative and innovative solutions. U.S. managers, especially those who feel their budgets are too modest to deploy new technology, may want to take note. Rather than focusing on quick ROI, LINC members are instead concerned with smart, long-term investments that leverage every dollar spent for the global public good. Interestingly, even the Apollo Group, which owns the University of Phoenix, and is one of the few profitable private sector online ventures, has admitted to committing several missteps in adapting its business model for global markets.

E-learning has tremendous potential for improving the lives of millions of people by creating access to world-class educational content. The LINC workshop shows what can be accomplished with practical and creative approaches utilizing existing technology.

Ed Arnold ( is Corporate Learning Chair for the Boston E-Learning Association (BELA) and founder of Organization-Solutions, a consulting practice focusing on organizational effectiveness through learning strategy and implementation of blended learning solutions.



Monday, March 24, 2003

Thank you for registering for our event(s) Improving_eLearning_results_with_online_coaching, ROI_and_other_benefits_of_Corporate_eLearning. We look forward to providing you with insights into eLearning as a truly enriching and liberating experience.

We value your attendance and look forward to welcoming you to the event.

I received this e-mail when I subscribed to ICUS

It worked..

There are 2 possible reasons why Gloria can't post anything to our group blogs..

1) She hasn't properly set up her personal blog yet.
2) She hasn't realised that you can switch from one blog to another by using the "My Blogs" icon.

I will send her post and try and help her out.
I decided to follow the link that Denise posted on our group page.

I ended up joining the Stephanie Burns e-Newsletter. Proof below :

You have been added to the mailing list..

My main focus tonight is to try and help Gloria.. She has been unable to gain access to our group blog - SpeedForce..

I checked the group blog and she is definitly a member of the team. ie. She accepted the invitation.

I sent myself an invitation and I will follow the link to see what happens.. stay tuned.